"The Benevolent Tree" Art Exhibition

In the midst of the fall holiday season that includes Jewish high holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur followed by Sukkot and the Muslim holiday of Eid – the site of blossoming trees throughout the Holy Land can’t help but remind us that the fall harvesting season is fast approaching. During the month of October, Palestinians and Israelis alike will begin harvesting their fields.  The Holy Land is the home for some of the oldest olive trees, which are about 4,000 years old.  For Palestinians, the olive tree is important for economic and symbolic reasons.  The olive tree parallels to the Palestinian connection to their land.  Olive trees are drought-resistant and can grow in poor soil conditions.  Similarly, Palestinians are resilient and continue to survive and resist for their independence.

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

This is a popular time for people with different backgrounds coming together to harvest the olive trees.  From my experience, some Palestinians are not allowed to harvest their olive tree fields because of the Israeli army or Jewish settlers.  To assist these Palestinian farmers, internationals play an important role.  There are dozens of organized opportunities to experience the olive harvest.

Since the olive harvest is approaching, an art exhibit focusing on olive trees recently opened and will be on display until December 13, 2014.  The exhibit is located in the primarily Israeli Arab city of Umm el-Fahem and is called “The Benevolent Tree.”

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

The gallery is three stories with multiple rooms.  According to the gallery’s description, the exhibition “is an attempt by 78 Israeli and Palestinian artists, to reinvigorate the broader discussion on the essence, importance and symbolism of the olive tree.”  Continuing, the description says, “the sanctity of the olive tree has become intertwined with the sanctity of the land, to form a single entity symbolizing the difficult arguments and bloody conflict that have been going on for years on end.”

 

For more information about the Umm el-Fahem Art Gallery click HERE.

Below are additional photos for a sneak peak of the exhibit. 

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

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Photo courtesy Debbie Hill for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

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This Wednesday evening (Sept. 24), Jews in the Holy Land and the Diaspora will be entering into the Jewish New Year, 5775. How is it that the Jewish calendar is starting year 5775, but based on the the Gregorian (aka Western) calendar, it is 2014?

The Jewish Calendar starts from the creation of Adam and Eve, which was estimated to have happened just about 5,775 years ago!

Rosh Hashanah, literally translated to “Head of the year,” is a happy and serious time for Jews.  According to a prayer said during Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, “On Rosh Hashanah [your fate] it is written, and on Yom Kippur it is sealed.”  There are ten days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, and those are the known as the “Days of Awe.”

Idb6c38459e5aa58cdc244cb3ea45b99bn Judaism there is the belief that when you transgressed by hurting someone, God will not pardon your transgressions without you first apologizing the person you hurt.  What’s fascinating is that apologizing one time is not enough.  Two times is still not enough.  However, after the third time, if that person you hurt still does not forgive you, God will pardon your error.

For Rosh Hashanah, there is a tradition of dipping apples into honey, in hopes for a sweet, new year.  Also, the traditional Jewish bread, called challah, is made round, instead of braided.  The roundness is supposed to signify the circle of life.

18a95c54b19fe84216dc2398305c5187Additionally, a ram’s horn (called a shofar) is blown 200 times throughout Rosh Hashanah.  There are different interpretations as to why it is a ram’s horn and why it is blown on Rosh Hashanah.  One interpretation is that the sound is supposed to wake up our souls.

It is a special opportunity to be on a Holy Land tour during holy days, specifically the High Holy Days.  In addition to seeing what was mentioned above, you may also see other traditions, such as people throwing bread crumbs in moving bodies of water, in order to “cast off” their sins (this custom is called tashlich, which literally means “cast off”).

I hope that this upcoming year, 5575, will be full of happiness, non-violent action, love, and yummy food.

L’shana tova u’metuka (Happy and sweet new year)!

 

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f792bc01b699f4d5604671454a646e17International Day of Peace is coming up this Sunday, September 21!

Quick Facts:

– This day is dedicated to world peace and was first celebrated in 1982.

–  This day is respected by many nations, political groups, military groups, and peoples.

– This year has a theme, which is “Rights of People to Peace.”  This theme is in honor of the 30th year of the UN Declaration’s Rights of People to Peace.

While being on a Holy Land tour, there are always conversations about why there is not peace in the Holy Land.  Participating on a Breaking Bread Journeys tour is incredible because in addition to experiencing the Holy Land, you can intimately learn the perspective of an Israeli and a Palestinian.  Additionally, Breaking Bread Journeys actively supports peace and sustainability efforts.

In a recent article about Breaking Bread Journeys, it mentions that “most tours spend half a day in Palestinian areas, resulting in about 10 cents for each tourist dollar spent going to the local economy, but Breaking Bread Journeys’ programs result in more money going directly to these communities, [co-founder Elisa] Moed said. ‘We design our programs to up that substantially,’ typically returning 27 cents on each tourist dollar spent, she said. ‘It’s our way to improve lives and further peace and stability.’ Samara Tourist and Travel Agency is receiving support for marketing and promotion of Breaking Bread Journeys from the United States Agency for International Development, as part of the agency’s strategy to develop the Palestinian tourism sector and to make a significant impact in job creation and investment, as a path to peace and stability.”

"Peace to a land that was created for peace, and never saw a peaceful day."  ~  Mahamoud Darwish
“Peace to a land that was created for peace, and never saw a peaceful day.”
~ Mahamoud Darwish

 

By clicking here, you can read about actions you can take to participate in this global Day of Peace. These ideas include include individual as well as global actions. One I found interesting is Peace Breathing. Also, there is an organization called Peace One Day, which is dedicated to spreading awareness of this global day of peace, as well as reducing violence on this day.

What will you do this year to celebrate International Day of Peace?

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A few years ago I was on a plane in the U.S. and started small talking with the woman sitting next to me.  Religion came up and when I told her I identified as a Jew, she laughed and told me that when she tells people which religion she identifies with, people often think she is saying “Jew.”

Meals are traditionally served on large platters.

Meals are traditionally served on large platters.

She told me that she was “Druze” and asked if I had heard of it.  I nodded my head excitedly and told her that I had visited a Druze village while on an organized tour to Israel!

I remember them welcoming us with open arms and superfluous amounts of food.   While we were being served lunch, a few Druze taught us about their religion and cultural values.  Although their religion is secretive, they were open about teaching us the basics.   Additionally, they were happy to answer any question we had.

While you are on a Holy Land tour, it is an amazing opportunity to meet Israeli Druze to learn about the fascinating Druze lifestyle.

Fact #1: Druze is a monotheistic religion and are often referred to as “People of Monotheism.”

Fact #2: Druze originated  in Egypt at the end of the 10th century.

Fact #3: Druze is a blend of Islam, Hindu, and Greek philosophy.

Fact #4: In addition to not having Druze clergy, there are no ceremonies or rituals.  This is because they believe ceremonies and rituals are distract one’s connection with God.

Fact #5: They do have a sacred text called Kitab Al Hikma (Epistles of Wisdom), which is only available to religious Druze.

Fact #6: Instead of following the Five Pillars of Islam, they: (1) Speak the truth, (2) Support their community, (3) Abandon the old creeds, (4) Purify from heresy, (5) Accept the unity of God, and (6) Submit to the will of God.

Fact #7: Like Muslims, Druze are forbidden from eating pork, smoking, and drinking alcohol.

98250ec6d6332047ca50731c27744698Fact #8: Druze do not have nationalistic ideals and therefore, support the country they live in.  However, they do have a flag and a five-pointed star symbol.  Both contain five colors, each representing a limit which shows the difference between humans and animals.

Fact #9: There are religious Druze women and they are preferred over men because they are perceived as better “spiritually prepared.”

Fact #10: There is a population of over 100,000 Israeli Druze.  Most Druze communities are in the North.  There are also large populations of Druze living in Syria and Lebanon.

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From Figs to Pomegranates

In the Torah, the Land of Israel is described by God to be a land “flowing with milk and honey” (Exodus 3:8).  Once you taste the fruit in the Holy Land, you will understand that this biblical reference remains true, even in modern times.

As mentioned in a previous post about ice cream and sorbet, the produce in the Holy Land is f-r-e-s-h.  There is always a fruit in season that the whole country raves about.  A few weeks ago the talk was about figs.  For the next few weeks, pomegranates will be hot on the market.

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figs entering Jerusalem’s shuk (market). Photo courtesy Jessica Curhan for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

Both figs and pomegranates are considered to be part of the Seven Species.  According to Judaism, these fruits are special and during the times of the Temple, they were brought to the Temple as an offering to God.  Today, because there is no Temple, Jews say a special prayer before eating one of the seven species.  The other five other species are wheat, barley, grapevines, olives, and date honey (which is believed to be the honey in the biblical reference mentioned above).

According to Christianity, the fig symbolizes the search for truth.  A way to search for truth is by producing fruit.  It is said that if a Christian does not produce fruit in a certain period of time, his life is cut off from God because God does not profit from unproductive Christians.  When the New Testament talks about this, it specifically references fig trees.  Perhaps it refers to fig trees because it is a sterile fruit, meaning it requires seasonal labor.

Fun fact: It is believed that edible figs are one of the first plants cultivated by humans back in 9400–9200 BCE.
More fun (because “funner” isn’t a word) fact: It is also believed that these figs were cultivated in t
he Holy Land’s Jordan Valley.

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pomegranates in Jerusalem’s shuk #nofilter. Photo courtesy Jessica Curhan for Breakingbreadjourneys.com

It is also written in the Torah that Adam and Eve “sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths” (Genesis 3:7) once they discovered they were naked.  They discovered their nakedness after they ate from the tree of knowledge of good and evil.  Some Jewish scholars believe that it was a pomegranate Adam and Eve ate.  Additionally, is believed that pomegranates contain 613 seeds, which correlates with the 613 commandments.

In Christianity, opening pomegranates symbolizes the fullness of Jesus’ suffering and resurrection.  Pomegranates are used for religions decoration in both Christianity and Judaism.

Which fruit season do you want to be in when you come on a Holy Land tour?

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How many times have you attempted to search on the Internet for specific information and failed miserably, not wanting to trust a Yahoo answer from 2007?

If you are similar to me, your answer will range from “Often” to “[sigh] All the time.” While being in the Holy Land, however, I was introduced to different Facebook pages that are useful, safe spaces for me to ask my questions. The answers come within minutes and are relevant. It is also a place for me to learn something new by reading other people’s questions and answers.

These Facebook groups are regional and are called: “Secret Jerusalem”, “Secret Al Quds – East Jerusalem“, “Secret Tel Aviv”, “Secret Ramallah”, “Secret Bethlehem”, and “Secret Haifa”.  Nearly all the posts are in English. These groups are also used for selling products and promoting upcoming events.  There are additional groups on Facebook, however, the posts are frequently in Arabic or Hebrew.

These groups directly show the culture in this region, even amongst native English speakers. People openly connect with each other. When people have questions, they ask them. When people hear/see asked questions, they answer (although sometimes this happens without a question being asked!).

While talking with a friend who also lives here, she talked about how such pages “keep people from falling into tourist traps” and it helps people “find the trendy, hip places.” She admitted that on her free time she scrolls through these pages because it is both entertaining and beneficial.

For example, you can find posts like these:

Asking what time the Jerusalem Machane Yehuda market closes for the Sabbath.

Asking what time stores in the Jerusalem Machane Yehuda market closes for the Sabbath.

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And also posts like these:

Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 18.01.54Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 17.52.15Therefore, while on a tour to the Holy Land, it is a fun opportunity to engage with its cyberspace culture!

 

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